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并列连词

文章来源:句解霸 | 更新日期:2013-06-23

1. 并列连词有以下几类。
a) 表示意思转折的连词: but, yet, nevertheless, still
b) 表示因果关系的连词: for, so, therefore, hence
c) 其他并列连词: and, or, as well as, either…or, neither…nor, both…and, not only...but also
d) 另外, hence 和 therefore 为副词,但在用法上类似于并列连词

2. and 和 or
1) and 和 or 是用得最多的并列连词,可以连接各种并列结构。
* Proper diet and exercise are important to health.适当的饮食和锻炼对健康很重要。
* He was cold and hungry. 他又冷又饿。
* Come and have tea with me. 过来和我一起喝茶。
* We waited for hours and hours. 我们等了一个又一个小时。
* Work hard and you will succeed.(条件,前面部分常为祈使句)如果你努力工作,就会成功。
* He never smokes or drinks. 他从不吸烟,也不喝酒。
* Do you want tea or coffee? 你要喝茶还是咖啡?

2) or 可以表示“否则”的意思。
* Put on your overcoat, or you will catch cold. 穿上你的大衣,不然你会着凉。
* Hurry or you'll be late. 赶紧, 否则你会迟到。

3. 表示转折的连词
表示转折的连词主要有but, yet 等。
1) but
a) but 通常用于连接两个并列的分句:
* Excuse me for breaking in, but I have some news for you.请原谅我冒然闯入,但我有消息告诉你。
* He doesn't like music but his wife does. 他不喜欢音乐, 可他的妻子却很喜欢。

b) but 也可以连接其它并列成分:
* It is not yours, but mine. 这不是你的, 而是我的。
* The weather will be sunny but cold. 天气会晴朗但很冷。
* He is not a teacher, but a doctor. 他不是一位老师,而是一名医生。
* They see the trees, but not the forest. 他们只见到树木,而不见森林。

2) yet
a) yet 通常用于连接两个并列的分句:
* He was in deep trouble, yet he didn't lose heart. 他深陷困境,然而他没有丧失信心。
* Our team was good, yet it lost. 虽然我们队训练有素,但还是输了。

b) yet 有时连接两个形容词:
It is strange, yet true. 这很奇怪,却是真的。

c) yet 还可与 and 和 but 连用。
The question was so simple, and yet he couldn't answer it. 这么简单的问题他竞然没能回答。
She's a funny girl, but yet you can't help liking her. 她是个奇怪的姑娘,但你禁不住会喜欢她。

4. 表示因果关系的连词 for
* He felt no fear, for he was very brave. 他很勇敢, 毫不畏惧。
* I missed the beginning of the play, for I was late. 我没有看到话剧的开头部分, 因为我迟到了。

5. as well as
* I have read his novels as well as his plays. 我读过他的小说和剧本。
* John can speak Chinese as well as French. 约翰除法语外,还能说汉语。

6. either…or 表示“(或)...或...; 要么...要么...”
* Either you or I am wrong. 不是你错,就是我错。
* She will be back either today or tomorrow. 她不是今天回来,就是明天回来。
* Either burn it or burry it. Don't throw it away. 把它烧了或埋了。 别扔。

7. neither…nor 表示“既不...也不...; 既没...也没...”
* It is neither hot nor cold. 天气既不热又不冷。
* She can neither read nor write. 他既不识字, 也不会写字。

8. both…and 表示“(...和...两者)都, 既...又...”
* She spoke both French and English. 她既会说法语也会说英语。
* Both his brother and sister are married. 他的哥哥和姐姐两人都已婚。
* My sister is both beautiful and clever. 我妹妹既漂亮又聪明。

9. not only…but also 表示“不仅...而且...”
* He can speak not only French but (also) English.他不但会讲法而且会讲英语。
* Not only the parents but also the children enjoyed the program. 不但父母喜欢, 孩子们也喜欢这个节目。

【高中以上】
10. 副词therefore 和 hence 也可表因果关系。
* Good technique in medicine means less pain and fewer deaths, therefore it is our duty to master it.治疗中采用先进的技术就意味着减少痛苦与死亡,因此掌握先进的技术是我们的职责。
My mother is by herself; hence I must go home now. 我妈一个人在家, 因此我得回去了。

[注] hence 有时后面可以不是完整的句子,而只跟名词。
* I fell off my bike yesterday hence the bruises. 我昨天骑自行车摔倒了, 所以青一块﹑ 紫一块的.

11. nevertheless, all the same 也表示转折关系
* He has faults; nevertheless, we love him. 他有缺点,可是我们喜欢他。
He's charming; nevertheless, I don't trust him. 他很迷人, 但我不太信任他。

* He's a bit naughty, but I like him all the same. 他有点顽皮, 可是我还是喜欢他。
* I tried to walk upstairs quietly but they woke up all the same. 我试图轻轻地上楼,可他们还是被吵醒了.

12. not…but… 表示“不是...而是...”
* He is not a teacher, but a politician. 他不是一位老师,而是一位政客。
* We meet not in the drawing-room, but in the hunting field. 我们不在客厅集会, 而在猎场。

13. not…nor…
* Not a building nor a tree was left standing. 地面没剩下一座建筑物,甚至一颗树都没有。
* Not a leaf nor an insect stirred. 不单是树叶, 连个虫子都不动。



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