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过去将来时

文章来源:句解霸 | 更新日期:2013-06-23

1. 过去将来时的形式
would/should + v

2. 过去将来时的用法
1) 表示从过去观点看将要发生的事
* Whenever we had trouble, he would come to help us. 不论何时我们遇到困难,他总会给予帮助。
* It was a problem whether they would support us. 他们是否会支持我们还是一个问题。
* It was six o'clock. The sun would soon set. 这时是六点钟。太阳即将落山。
* She hoped that they would meet again someday. 她希望将来有一天他们能再见面。
* I asked what you would think of him if he failed. 我问你要是他失败了你会怎样看他。
* They were sure they would win the final victory. 他们坚信会赢得最后胜利。

2) 这个时态常用在宾语从句中
* They never knew the population would be a big problem. 他们从来都不知道人口问题将会成为一个大问题。
* She didn't tell me where she would go. 她没有告诉我她要去哪儿。
* Betty said she would visit the Great Wall next Saturday. 贝蒂说下周六她要去参观长城。
* We never imagined that John would become a doctor. 我们从来没有想过约翰会成为一个医生。
* My brother told me that he would be back on Sunday.   我哥哥告诉我他星期日回来。

* 过去将来时的其他表示方法
1) was/were going to
* He was going to start work the following week.他打算下星期开始工作。
* He told us that he was going to attend the meeting. 他告诉我说他要参加那次会议。
* The teacher asked me if we were going to watch the game.  老师问我们是否去看比赛。
* Last time I saw you, you were going to start to Tibet by train. 上次我见到你时,你正打算乘火车去西藏。

2) 过去进行时
He told me he was leaving in an hour. 他告诉我他一个小时后就要走了。
I heard they were getting married in June. 我听说他们六月结婚。

3) was/were about to
* We were about to leave there when it began to rain heavily and suddenly. 就在我们要离开时,天突然下起了大雨。
* He was about to have lunch when the bell rang. 就在他要吃中饭的时候,门铃响起来了。
* I was just about to go to bed when he came to see me. 我正要睡觉,他来看我了。
* Mrs. Brown was about to begin, but Jennie spoke first. 布朗夫人正要开始讲话,珍妮先讲了。
* The meeting was about to be held the following day.会议打算第二天开。

4) was(were) due to
* They were due to leave at ten o'clock. 他们定于十点出发。
* When was the ship due to arrive? 船预订什么时候到达?
* She was due to graduate that summer.她将于那年暑假毕业。

5) was/were + 不定式
* He said he was to meet his girlfriend at the station at 4 p.m.他说他下午四点去车站接他女朋友。
* The cinema was to close the second day. 电影院第二天就要倒闭了。
* At that time he did not know that quitting the job was to become the turning point in his life.那时他不知道辞职将会成为他生活的转折点。
* The building was to be completed next month. 这座建筑改在下个月竣工。
* We were to have our class at eight. 八点我们该上课了。
* The money with which you were to buy dog food is gone. 你应该用来买狗食的钱不见了。



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