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一般将来时

文章来源:句解霸 | 更新日期:2013-06-23

1. 一般将来时主要用 will/shall + 动词原形来表示
* Will you be at home at seven this evening? 你今晚七点在家吗?
* Jack will not move into his new house tomorrow morning. 杰克明天早上不会搬入他的新房子。
* The meeting won't last long.会开不了多久。
* Will she come tonight? 她今晚会来吗?
* How will you get there? 你怎么去?
* Why will you be here on Sunday? 周日你为什么将要在这儿?
* The rain will stop soon. 雨很快就要停了
* He won't play football with you before he finishes his work. 他干完活后才能跟你踢足球。
* I'll go to America tomorrow. 我明天回美国。
* We'll only stay for two weeks. 我们只待两星期。
* I shall not come if it rains tomorrow. 如果明天下雨我就不来。
* What time shall I come? 我什么时候来?

2. 表示将来情况的其它方法:
1) 用be going to 结构表示将来。
* It is going to rain. Take an umbrella with you. 带一把伞去。看样子就要下雨了。
* We are going to have a class meeting this afternoon.今天下午我们打算开班会。
* When are the boys going to play football? 那些男孩子们要在什么时候踢足球?
* What time is the game going to be? 比赛将在什么时候开始?
* I'm not going to have breakfast this morning. 今天早上我将不吃早餐。
* The Browns are going to move to Australia. 布朗先生全家打算迁移到澳大利亚去。
* There is going to be a football match. 明天下午将有一场足球赛。

2) 用现在进行时表示将来。
* Are they coming to your house the day after tomorrow? 后天他们将来你家吗?
* We are going to the park tomorrow morning. 明天上午我们要到公园去。
* I'm coming! 我来啦!
* He is leaving for Hong Kong tomorrow morning. 他定于明天早晨到香港去。
* She is buying a new bike soon. 她不久将买一辆新自行车。
* What are you doing next Sunday? 下周日你打算干什么?

3) 时间及条件从句中通常用一般现在时来表示将来。
* I'll come when I'm free.我有时间我就会来。
* I'll stay until you come back. 我会一直等到你会来为止。
* Before he arrives, I'll give the children their tea. 在他来到之前,我会给孩子们吃茶点的。

4) 在 hope 后的宾语从句中也可用一般现在时来表示将来。
* I hope you make good friends. 我希望你们能成为好朋友。
* Hope God bless us and the girl! 愿上帝保佑我们和那个女孩子。
* I hope you come soon. 我希望你赶紧来。

5 “be + 不定式”结构
* The new bridge is to open to traffic in three days. 新桥三天后通车。
* We are to discuss the report next Saturday. 我们下周六讨论这个报告
* Who is to question him? 谁将去质问他?
* When are you to leave for home? 你什么时候回家?
* This house is to let. 这房子要出租。
* The Queen is to visit Japan in a week's time. 女王将于一周后访问日本。
* You are to stay home until your mother comes back. 你妈回来之前你不要出去。
* You are to go to bed and keep quiet, kids. 孩子们,你们必须上床睡觉。
* You are not to smoke in the reading-room. 你不可以在阅览室里吸烟。

5) be about to 结构
* The package is about to come unwrapped. 那个包快散开了。
* He is about to leave for Beijing. 他马上要去北京。
* I'm not about to stop when I'm so close to success. 在这样接近成功时我不打算就此罢手。
* Don't go out. We're about to have dinner. 别出去了,我们很快就吃饭。

6) be due to
* The train is due to depart in ten minutes. 火车定于十分钟后发车
* He is due to leave very soon. 他很快就要离开。
* His book is due to be published in October. 他的书计划10月份出版。
* The new library is due to be completed in August. 新图书馆定于八月竣工。



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