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一般过去时

文章来源:句解霸 | 更新日期:2013-06-23

1. 一般过去时的形式:
一般过去时通常用动词的过去式表示。没有人称和数的变化。但动词be第一人称和第三人称单数用was,其他情况用 were。一般过去时在表示疑问和否定时使用的助动词为did。

2. 一般过去时的用法:
1) 表示过去发生的动作
* He worked very hard last year. 去年他很用功。
* He was late for school again today. 今天他又迟到了。
* I didn't watch TV last night. 我昨晚没看电视。
* Did Jim go home yesterday? 吉姆昨天回家了吗?
* How did Janet go to Beijing last week? 上个星期珍妮特怎么去北京的?
* What did she find in the garden last morning? 她昨天早上在公园里发现了什么?
* She often came to help us in those days. 那些天她经常过来帮助我们。

2) 表示过去存在的状态
* She suddenly fell ill yesterday. 她昨天突然病倒了。
* We didn't have classes last week. 上周我们没有上课。
* I didn't know you were so busy. 我不知道你刚才在忙。
* We were students two years ago. 我们两年前还是学生。
* She didn't like reading when she was a child. 她小时候不喜欢阅读。
* Were you at home the day before yesterday? 前天你在家吗?

3) 前一会儿发生的事
* I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿。
* I came home just now. 我刚回到家。
* Did you see the car accident a few minutes ago? 你看到几分钟前发生的车祸了吗?

4) 在叙述性文字中
* It was a dark night. The wind was blowing hard and the rain was falling heavily. A PLA man suddenly appeared on the river bank. He wanted to cross the river. 那是一个漆黑的夜晚,风刮得很厉害,雨下得很大,一个解放军战士突然出现在河岸上,他想过河去。



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