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not until 直到……才

文章来源:句解霸 | 更新日期:2018-08-07

not until 这个句型对学生应该是再熟悉不过的了,但not until 的用法其实有不少变化。下面我们归纳一下not until 的常见句型。

1. not until 最经典的结构是与 it was 的搭配,即 “it was not until .... that 从句”。

1) not until 后边一般是时间点,如:
It was not until midnight that it stopped raining. 直到半夜雨才停下来。
It was not until five o'clock in the afternoon that they finished their work. 直到下午五点他们才完成工作。

2) not until 后边也可以是陈述的句子,如:
It was not until he came to China that he realized the great change in recent decades. 直到他来到中国,他才意识到最近几十年的巨大变化。
It was not until he got sick seriously that he realized the value of a healthy body. 直到他生重病,他才意识到一个健康体魄的价值。

3) not until 后边还可跟介词短语,如:
It was not until after Friday that I got his reply. 直到星期五之后,我才得到他的答复。

我们可以注意到,在以上列举的例句中,“it was not until .... that 从句”句式中的“that 从句”部分都是采用一般的陈述语序(类似于宾语从句)。时态上一般采用过去时,与 it was 相呼应。

2. not 与 until 也可以分开,如:
She didn't go to bed until eleven o'clock. 她直到11点才上床睡觉。
You're not going out until you've finished this. 你要做完这个才可以出去。

3. not 也可以是其他否定词如 never
I never realized I loved you until now. 我至今才意识到我爱你。(直到现在我才意识到我爱你。)

4. not until 还可以以倒装句的形式出现,如:
Not until yesterday did I learn anything about it. 直到昨天我才知道这件事。
Not until he came to China did he know what kind of a country she is.

在写作时如能恰当采用 not until 的倒装句式,可以展示作者的文字功底,无疑会给作文的成绩加分。



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